Lenin and his accomplices did not arrest just anyone. They executed those most active in society, the independent thinkers. Lenin gave orders to kill as many students as possible in several towns.
|Montesquieu: The Spirit of Laws: Book 11||According to historian Norman Davies, "[T]he spectators, including kings and queens, shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized.|
Meeting of victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It includes rape, defined as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part or object.
If perpetrated during childhood, sexual violence can lead to increased smoking,  drug and alcohol misuse, and risky sexual behaviors in later life. It is also associated with perpetration of violence and being a victim of violence.
Many of the risk factors for sexual violence are the same as for domestic violence. Risk factors specific to sexual violence perpetration include beliefs in family honor and sexual purity, ideologies of male sexual entitlement and weak legal sanctions for sexual violence.
Few interventions to prevent sexual violence have been demonstrated to be effective. School-based programmes to prevent child sexual abuse by teaching children to recognize and avoid potentially sexually abusive situations are run in many parts of the world and appear promising, but require further research.
To achieve lasting change, it is important to enact legislation and develop policies that protect women; address discrimination against women and promote gender equality; and help to move the culture away from violence. Elder abuse Elder maltreatment is a single or repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship where there is an expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person.
This type of violence constitutes a violation of human rights and includes physicalsexualpsychologicalemotional; financial and material abuse; abandonment; neglect ; and serious loss of dignity and respect.
Data on the extent of the problem in institutions such as hospitals, nursing homes and other long-term care facilities are scarce.
Elder maltreatment can lead to serious physical injuries and long-term psychological consequences. Elder maltreatment is predicted to increase as many countries are experiencing rapidly ageing populations. Many strategies have been implemented to prevent elder maltreatment and to take action against it and mitigate its consequences including public and professional awareness campaigns, screening of potential victims and abuserscaregiver support interventions e.
Their effectiveness has, however, not so far been well-established. These studies — investigated what the authors called "targeted violence," described the "path to violence" of those who planned or carried out attacks and laid out suggestions for law enforcement and educators.
A major point from these research studies is that targeted violence does not just "come out of the blue". Its causes are complex and occur at different levels. To represent this complexity, the ecological, or social ecological model is often used.
The following four-level version of the ecological model is often used in the study of violence: The first level identifies biological and personal factors that influence how individuals behave and increase their likelihood of becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence: For intimate partner violence, a consistent marker at this level of the model is marital conflict or discord in the relationship.
In elder abuseimportant factors are stress due to the nature of the past relationship between the abused person and the care giver. The third level explores the community context—i. Risk at this level may be affected by factors such as the existence of a local drug trade, the absence of social networks, and concentrated poverty.
All these factors have been shown to be important in several types of violence.
Finally, the fourth level looks at the broad societal factors that help to create a climate in which violence is encouraged or inhibited: Child-rearing[ edit ] Cross-cultural studies have shown that greater prevalence of corporal punishment of children tends to predict higher levels of violence in societies.
For instance, a analysis of pre-industrial societies found that corporal punishment was more prevalent in societies which also had higher rates of homicide, assault, and war.
Straus believes that disciplinary spanking forms "the most prevalent and important form of violence in American families", whose effects contribute to several major societal problems, including later domestic violence and crime.Dealing with the use of force and stress related violence by members of the police: some observation from selected case studies in Gauteng province, South Africa.
Acta criminological, 19(3): TAIT, S, & MARKS, M. In keeping with the American Psychological Association’s (APA’s) mission to advance the development, communication, and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society, the Task Force on Violent Media was formed to review the APA Resolution on Violence in Video.
On the topic of violence in general, the crucial distinction between just and unjust violence is a very important topic. Long term, because of the impact of relentless anti-White propaganda and brainwashing, it will probably be necessary to educate many of our denatured people on the difference.
You might wonder, “What is the relevance of psychology to everyday life?” Well, here is the answer. Like it or not, the unconscious affects every aspect of our daily functioning, both personal and interpersonal..
Nevertheless, of all the pages on this website, this page is the most painful and the most sad, for . Thus at Venice the College, even in the absence of the Doge, is called "Most Serene Prince." The Palatine of Posen, father of the King of Poland, Duke of Lorraine.
The studies of violence in mass media analyzes the degree of correlation between themes of violence in media sources (particularly violence in video games, television and films) with real-world aggression and violence over time.