The spectator essayist

Prose of Augustan Age 4. Drama of Augustan Age 4. Novel during Augustan Age 4. After studying this unit the students will locate the prescribed text into the literary period and understand the text in the light of the Augustan Period.

The spectator essayist

Early life

His writing skill led to his holding important posts in government while the Whigs were in power. Early life Addison was the eldest son of the Reverend Lancelot Addison, later archdeacon of Coventry and dean of Lichfield.

Here began his lifelong friendship with Richard Steelewho later became his literary collaborator. Through distinction in Latin verse he won election as Demy scholar to Magdalen College in and took the degree of M.

He was a fellow from to At Magdalen he spent 10 years as tutor in preparation for a career as a scholar and man of letters. In A Poem to his Majesty William IIIwith a dedication to Lord Keeper Somersthe influential Whig statesman, brought favourable notice not only from Somers but also Charles Montague later earl of Halifaxwho saw in Addison a writer whose services were of potential use to the crown.

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A treasury grant offered him opportunity for travel and preparation for government service. The spectator essayist European tour — enabled Addison not only to become acquainted with English diplomats abroad but also to meet contemporary European men of letters.

After time in France, he spent the year in leisurely travel in Italy, during which he wrote the prose Remarks on Several Parts of Italy ; rev. He then toured through Austria, the German states, and the Netherlands before returning to England in Addison was meanwhile appointed commissioner of appeals in excise, a sinecure left vacant by the death of John Locke.

The Campaign, addressed to Marlboroughwas published on December 14 though dated The Whig success in the election of Maywhich saw the return of Somers and Halifax to the Privy Councilbrought Addison increased financial security in an appointment as undersecretary to the secretary of state, a busy and lucrative post.

At this time he began to see much of Steele, helping him write the play The Tender Husband In practical ways Addison also assisted Steele with substantial loans and the appointment as editor of the official London Gazette. In Addison was elected to Parliament for Lostwithiel in Cornwall, and later in the same year he was made secretary to the earl of Wharton, the new lord lieutenant of Ireland.

He served as Irish secretary until August The first number of The Tatler appeared on April 12,while Addison was still in England; but while still in Ireland he began contributing to the new periodical.

Back in London in Septemberhe supplied most of the essays during the winter of —10 before returning to Ireland in May. Joseph Addison, engraving, early 19th century.

Although Addison easily retained his seat in the Commons, his old and powerful patrons were again out of favour, and, for the first time since his appointment as undersecretary inAddison found himself without employment. Addison continued contributing to the final numbers of The Tatler, which Steele finally brought to a close on January 2, By the end of Steele had enough material for a collected edition of The Tatler.

Thereupon, he and Addison decided to make a fresh start with a new periodical. One feature of The Spectator that deserves particular mention is its critical essays, in which Addison sought to elevate public taste.

He devoted a considerable proportion of his essays to literary criticismwhich was to prove influential in the subsequent development of the English novel.

The spectator essayist

His own gift for drawing realistic human characters found brilliant literary expression in the members of the Spectator Club, in which such figures as Roger de Coverley, Captain Sentry, Sir Andrew Freeport, and the Spectator himself represent important sections of contemporary society.

More than 3, copies of The Spectator were published daily, and the numbers were then collected into seven volumes. Two years later from June 18 to December 20,Addison published 80 additional numbers, with the help of two assistants, and these were later reprinted as volume eight.

Performed at Drury Lane on April 14,the play was a resounding success—largely, no doubt, because of the political overtones that both parties read into the play. To the Whigs Cato seemed the resolute defender of liberty against French tyrannywhile the Tories were able to interpret the domineering Caesar as a kind of Roman Marlborough whose military victories were a threat to English liberties.About: author of the INCERTO a philosophical and practical essay on uncertainty (Skin In the Game, Antifragile, The Black Swan, Fooled by Randomness, and The Bed of Procrustes), a (so far) 5-volume"investigation of opacity, luck, uncertainty, probability, human error, risk,and decision making when.

Joseph Addison (1 May – 17 June ) was an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison. His name is usually remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend, Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine.

The Sir Roger de Coverly Papers. [Joseph Addison, Richard Steele, Eustace Budgell, Gordon Ross] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Sir Roger de Coverley is a delightful counrty squire created by Richard Steele as a chief character in the imaginary club that supposedly wrote The Spectator. He is a character described inThe Spectator as a member of the Spectator Club.

The Spectator was a daily publication founded by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele in England, lasting from to Each "paper", or "number", was approximately 2, words long, and the original run consisted of . Joseph Addison, (born May 1, , Milston, Wiltshire, England—died June 17, , London), English essayist, poet, and dramatist, who, with Richard Steele, was a leading contributor to and guiding spirit of the periodicals The Tatler and The writing skill led to his holding important posts in government while the Whigs were in power.

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English Literature: THE AUGUSTAN AGE