In the United States we have two parallel systems that deal with individuals that commit crimes and or offenses against society. First we have the criminal justice system, a court which deals with adults who commit various crimes.
Tweet criminal defenders juveniles critics The juvenile justice system seeks to rehabilitate children, rather than punish them for their juvenile criminal behavior.
Since the late s, critics of the juvenile courts have sought to abolish this system, arguing that it has failed in its rehabilitation efforts and in not punishing serious criminal behavior by young people.
At the same time, defenders of the juvenile justice system contend that for the vast majority of children, the system is a worthwhile means of addressing problems. They maintain that a handful of violent juveniles who have committed serious crimes should not lead the public to Societal implications of abolishing juvenile courts that the system does not provide ways of changing behavior.
Critics note that the social and cultural landscape has changed considerably since the early s when the juvenile justice system was established.
Drugs, GANGSand the availability of guns have led to juveniles committing many serious crimes, including murder. Critics insist that juvenile courts are no longer adequate to address problems caused by violent, amoral young people. Some argue that the perceived leniency of the juvenile justice system compounds its failure to rehabilitate by communicating to young people that they can avoid serious consequences for their criminal actions.
The system engenders a revolving-door process that sends the message that young offenders are not accountable for their behavior. It is not until these repeat offenders land in adult criminal courts that they face real punishment for the first time.
Thus, it may be better to punish a juvenile in the first instance, in order to deter future criminal activity. Critics also claim it is wrong for juvenile offenders who have committed violent crimes to be released from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court at age eighteen or twenty-one.
Serving a few years in a juvenile correction facility for a crime that if committed by an adult would result in a ten-year sentence is unjust.
The punishment for a crime, argue critics, should be the same, regardless of the age of the perpetrator. Because of these deficiencies, critics contend, the system should be dismantled.
Freed from the juvenile justice system's rehabilitative ideology and restrictions on criminal due process rights, juveniles should stand accountable for their criminal actions.
|Citing this material||In the United States we have two parallel systems that deal with individuals that commit crimes and or offenses against society.|
Once a juvenile is convicted, a trial court can determine the appropriate sentence. Defenders of juvenile justice respond that a small minority of violent youths have created the misperception that the system is a failure.
Though not every child can be rehabilitated, it is unwise to abandon the effort. In every other sphere of society, children are treated differently from adults.
For the few juveniles who commit serious crimes and have poor prospects for rehabilitation, current laws provide that they be transferred to adult criminal courts. Allowing this alternative is a wiser course, defenders insist, than dismantling the system.
Defenders also contend that many of the alleged defects of the juvenile courts can be traced to inadequate funding and to the environment in which many juveniles are forced to live.
They point out that violent subcultures and early childhood traumas caused by abuse, neglect, and exposure to violence make it more difficult to address individual problems. If more energy were put into changing the socioeconomic situation of communities, rehabilitation efforts would improve and crime would decrease.
According to system supporters, placing juveniles in prison will not end the cycle of criminal behavior. The opposite result is more likely, for a teenager may feel stigmatized by a criminal conviction and may believe he is a lost cause, resulting in a return to crime.
In addition, the huge amounts expended on incarceration could be better spent on counseling, education, and job training. Defenders of the juvenile justice system argue that a criminal conviction can engender difficulties in obtaining employment and in negotiating other aspects of life.
It is wrong, they contend, to label a person so early in life, for an action that may have been impulsive or motivated by peer pressure. Preserving the juvenile justice system allows many teenagers to learn from their mistakes without prejudicing their adulthood.
Finally, defenders note that many states have changed their laws to deal more severely with violent juvenile offenders. As long as there are ways of diverting these offenders into the adult system, defenders insist, the current juvenile justice system should be maintained.
A Century of Juvenile Justice.Nov 08, · Barry Feld, a law professor from the U of M and an expert on the juvenile justice system, says the juvenile justice system needs to be abolished. He claims that “within the past three decades, judicial decisions, legislative amendments, and administrative changes have transformed the juvenile court from a nominally rehabilitative social welfare agency into a scaled-down, second-class criminal .
The juvenile justice system seeks to rehabilitate children, rather than punish them for their juvenile criminal behavior.
Since the late s, critics of the juvenile courts have sought to abolish this system, arguing that it has failed in its rehabilitation efforts and in not . Societal Implications of Abolishing Juvenile Court The juvenile justice system plays a vital role in the outcome of juvenile delinquents lives.
If juvenile courts are abolished, juvenile offenders will be forced into adult prisons and harsher sentences may be given to . The Societal Implications of Abolishing Juvenile Court.
Nowadays, the juvenile crime is one of the crucial problems of each society. The first juvenile court was established in Chicago near . Nov 08, · The major issue I intend to look at it is whether or not we should abolish the juvenile justice system. First, we will look at the position of keeping the current system, why it needs to stay in place, and why in the long run it .
Reconstructing the Legal Order: The Case for Abolishing the Juvenile Court, 69 N.C. L. REV. () (noting the social construction of childhood and its impact on juvenile justice treatment ideology).