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The lexicon includes the target pronunciation in GA; I modified the program to compare the results of the rule application with the target.
This is impressive; but it understates the systematicity of English spelling: Many of the errors are off in only one segment. Many of the pronunciations are really predictable using rules beyond the scope of the Sound Change Applier.
The worst offenders in the language are already included in the sample; a larger vocabulary would include a higher percentage of well-behaved spellings. There is a fuller discussion of the mispredictions at the end of the document. The odd phonetic transcription, by the way, derives from the dual need to easily represent sounds both in html and in the sound change file.
The wacky spellings I used for the vowels, however, are inherent in the logic of English spelling. It would only obscure how the system works if I represented the long and short vowels with IPA forms.
The rules The bulk of this page is basically a human-readable restatement of the rules in the sound change file The order of the rules is important.
The rules can be thought of as a recipe: The result is sometimes a little backwards in terms of explaining the system, because exceptions come first, before the general rules. The yield of some rules may be small enough that some people would rather just learn the affected words as irregularities.
To head off another likely reaction: Some rewrites English has more phonemes than the alphabet has available symbols; the usual expedient of the orthography for solving this problem is to use digraphs. Make the following unconditional replacements:The sounds of General American.
If we're discussing spelling, we have to discuss sounds as well; and this means choosing a reference dialect. I'll use my own, of course-- a version of General American that's unexcitingly close to the standard.
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Place with timely delivery and free revisions that suit your needs! The thunder-and-lightning example seems like a bad comparison for this kind of situation, in that the false claim is (1) easily observable to be untrue, and (2) utterly useless to the society that propagates it.
Chinese villager's 'pet dog' turns out to be a bear Chinese villager is shocked to find out the 'pet dog' he raised from a 'puppy' is actually a BEAR.
Long and Short My Pet Dog Essay in English My Pet Dog Essay 1 ( words) My pet dog is a pug. It is fawn in colour and has a small built. We have named it Swigi. It has been with us since the last 2 years. I still remember the day me and my sister went to the pet shop with my father to bring it home.
I somehow wanted to pet a cat but my elder. Jul 15, · My Pet Dog? Forums Essay I have a pet dog.
I named it Doggie. Doggie is a white coloured shepherd dog.
it is very lovely and It always licks my cheek. Doggie had been trained before ehile it is in the pet dog. i liked your essay it was very interesting to read after reading this essay i am gona sure use the tips thyat you hav i am very.