Course Listing For Courses AC Financial Accounting 3 Credits This course is an introduction to accounting concepts and the elements of financial statements including basic accounting vocabulary and analysis of business transactions from an accounting viewpoint. Students will be required to recognize, record, and classify new accounting data. Emphasis is placed on corporate accounting. Introductory financial statement analysis and interpretation are also covered.
The percentages of those reporting that they have neither experienced nor witnessed mistreatment were Asians A study by Einarsen and Skogstad indicates older employees tend to be more likely to be bullied than younger ones. But this is unproven and lacks evidence. The researchers suggest referring to workplace bullying as generic harassment along with other forms of non-specific harassment and this would enable employees to use less emotionally charged language and start a dialogue about their experiences rather than being repelled by the spectre of being labelled as a pathological predator or having to define their experiences as the victims of such a person.
Tony Buon and Caitlin Buon also suggest that the perception and profile of the workplace bully is not facilitating interventions with the problem. Cooper, most the perpetrators are supervisors. The second most common group is peers, followed by subordinates and customers.
Bullying behaviour by supervisors toward subordinates typically manifests as an abuse of power by the supervisor in the workplace. An authoritative management style, specifically, often includes bullying behaviours, which can make subordinates fearful and allow supervisors to bolster their authority over others.
On the other hand, some researchers suggest that bullying behaviours can be a positive force for performance in the workplace. Workplace bullying may contribute to organizational power and control.
However, if an organization wishes to discourage bullying in the workplace, strategies and policies must be put into place to dissuade and counter bullying behavior. In addition to supervisor--subordinate bullying, bullying behaviours also occur between colleagues.
Peers can be either the target or perpetrator. If workplace bullying happens among the co-workers, witnesses will typically choose sides, either with the target or the perpetrator. Perpetrators usually "win" since witnesses do not want to be the next target.
This outcome encourages perpetrators to continue their bullying behaviour. In addition, the sense of the injustice experienced by a target might lead that person to become another perpetrator who bullies other colleagues who have less power than they do, thereby proliferating bullying in the organization.
Although less frequent, such cases play a significant role in the efficiency of the organization. Overly stressed or distressed employees may be less able to perform optimally and can impact the quality of service overall. The fourth relationship in the workplace is between the organization or system and its employees.
An article by Andreas Liefooghe notes that many employees describe their employer as a "bully. Tremendous power imbalances between an organization and its employees enables the employer to "legitimately exercise" power e. However, while defining bullying as an interpersonal phenomenon is considered legitimate, classifying incidences of employer exploitation, retaliation, or other abuses of power against an employee as a form of bullying is often not taken as seriously.
Organizational culture and Bullying culture Bullying is seen to be prevalent in organizations where employees and managers feel that they have the support, or at least the implicit blessing of senior managers to carry on their abusive and bullying behaviour.
People may be bullied irrespective of their organizational status or rank, including senior managers, which indicates the possibility of a negative domino effect, where bullying may cascade downwards, as the targeted supervisors might offload their own aggression onto their subordinates.
In such situations, a bullying scenario in the boardroom may actually threaten the productivity of the entire organisation. Culture Research investigating the acceptability of the bullying behaviour across different cultures e. Humane orientation is negatively associated with the acceptability of bullying for WRB Work related bullying.
Performance orientation is positively associated with the acceptance of bullying. Future orientation is negatively associated with the acceptability of bullying.
A culture of femininity suggests that individuals who live and work in this kind of culture tend to value interpersonal relationships to a greater degree.
Three broad dimensions have been mentioned in relation to workplace bullying: In Confucian Asia, which has a higher performance orientation than Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa, bullying may be seen as an acceptable price to pay for performance.Self-Analysis Essay of a Writer - My portfolio absolutely reflects my understanding of persuasive writing.
Persuasive writing focuses on the ability to formulate an essay that takes an argumentative stance, but takes the opposition into consideration as well. Greg Paul was born in England. By the age of 24, he was the youngest senior quantity surveyor in the country at a well-respected leading national house builder.
He ran his own house building company for several years before permanently exiting the world of commerce altogether following significant research into the fundamental tenets of the .
Vol.7, No.3, May, Mathematical and Natural Sciences. Study on Bilinear Scheme and Application to Three-dimensional Convective Equation (Itaru Hataue and Yosuke Matsuda). Group Dynamics Essay.
Group designs are based on the following principles: Introspection. Engaging in self-evaluation and a gap analysis of one 's leadership profile with peers adds a special dimension Team Dynamics Group of people working together for achieving the organizational goals are considered team but when people create group.
To begin to understand team dynamics requires a working definition of “team.” In the purest sense, a team is: I can put my situation at the moment, my status and self-esteem in the group, our relationship, my job, my career, even my life, in your hands with complete confidence. A GUIDE to the MENTOR PROGRAM LISTINGS: INCLUSION CRITERIA: To appear in this list of examples, mentor programs must meet specific criteria.
Either the organization has agreed to have its description included or the description appeared in public documents such as professional literature or publically accessible Internet .