Introduction To say that things are identical is to say that they are the same.
A group of bloggers discussing philosophical ideas as well as the profession of philosophy Personal Identity: First, to get started, why should anyone including non-philosophers care about personal identity?
If we suddenly gave up on the notion of personal identity, or, if we were to fail to give a plausible account of it, we would be hard-pressed to justify both our moral and emotional responses to persons committing unethical acts against us or others. Not to sound cliche but the concept of personal identity has baffled philosophers for centuries.
But what is it about us that endures over time? Metaphysical questions surrounding identity are broad and vexing. For instance, what does it mean for an object to be the same as itself?
If an object does change even slightly what does it mean for that object, person or not, to be the same? So where lies the problem? Our environment is always changing and these changes affect the object of reference.
Think of the example of the book again.
If I tear a page, is it the same book? If I tear half the pages, same book?
How about if I white out the pages and write new words on every page, same book? The questions are endless. Keep in mind that this is a gross generalization.
Bodily identity is the claim that personal identity is no different from identity of other objects, like a book.
This view conforms to our ordinary usage of identity terms and makes sense, prima facie, but is has some glaring problems.
Earlier, when referencing the book I asked a series of questions. Tear a page, same book? Tear a chapter, same book? The point there was to put some pressure on when in fact the book would cease to exist, we can do the same with bodily identity.
If you lost an arm, are you still you?
Bodily identity is the claim that personal identity is no different from identity of other objects, like a book. This view conforms to our ordinary usage of identity terms and makes sense, prima facie, but is has some glaring problems. Thesis statements establish for your readers both the relationship between the ideas and the order in which the material will be presented. As the writer, you can use the thesis statement as a guide in developing a coherent argument. What is a good thesis statement about identity? Update Cancel. ad by Grammarly. Identity can be pretty. The philosophy of personal identity can be really exciting to students who are trying to figure out who they are and what they believe. This lesson offers essay topics that will help students.
What about all your limbs? How about all your organs? At what point is it not you? Any way you cut it the brain is of crucial importance when thinking about personal identity, it seems much more important than the body, as a whole.
Regardless of its shortfalls this is one way to cash out the notion of personal identity. Strict identity claims are simply false when talking about ourselves as persisting through time.
So, what we identify as ourselves at any one point in time is different from any other point in time because the bundle has changed.
The new experience or impressions have necessarily changed the bundle from its previous state. Think of the bundle of perceptions as a pile of bricks.
Once we add another brick to the pile the pile has changed. Necessarily, this means that the pile is not the same. Initially, I wanted to reject this view out of hand. How could it be that I am not the same as I was a few hours ago?
The notion seemed ridiculous! But, if it is, why? Well, Hume gives us some good motivation for thinking this way about ourselves. First, our minds, according to Hume, readily pass from one thing to another. When things resemble one another we automatically relate them with use of our imagination.All theories of personal identity seem to have their short-falls, yet, we have no trouble claiming the “we” exist in some enduring way.
But what is it about us that endures over time? A Philosopher king was someone who is good at Philosophy, or, at least that’s how I perceived the PK. If I remember correctly, Plato thought any. Type physicalism (also known as reductive materialism, type identity theory, mind–brain identity theory and identity theory of mind) is a physicalist theory, in the philosophy of mind.
It asserts that mental events can be grouped into types, and can then be correlated with types of physical events in the brain. Entrenched in the “simple” view is the idea that personal identity, and the persistence of personal identity, cannot be measured through philosophical discourse or scientific investigation.
There are a number of opposing arguments, known as complex theories of personal identity. In the modern philosophy of mind, this concept of personal identity is sometimes referred to as the diachronic problem of personal identity.
The synchronic problem is grounded in the question of what features or traits characterise a given person at one time. The philosophy of personal identity can be really exciting to students who are trying to figure out who they are and what they believe.
This lesson offers essay topics that will help students. The version of physicalism that gained ground in the middle of this century was in the first place committed to the identity thesis, namely, that every property (and thereby every mental property) is identical with some physical property.