Challenges Facing the Microfinance Sector Generally, since the beginning of government involvement in microfinance in the s, the sub-sector has operated without specific policy guidelines and goals.
Used vegetable oil Wood Digestion of organic material to produce methane is becoming an increasingly popular method of biomass energy production. Materials such as waste sludge can be digested to release methane gas that can then be burnt to produce electricity.
Methane gas is also a natural by-product of landfills, full of decomposing waste, and can be harnessed here to produce electricity as well. The advantage in burning methane gas is that is prevents the methane from being released into the atmosphere, exacerbating the greenhouse effect.
Although this method of biomass energy production is typically large scale done in landfillsit can be done on a smaller individual or community scale as well. Environmental impacts of industrial agriculture[ edit ] Industrial agricultural production is highly resource and energy intensive.
Industrial agriculture systems typically require heavy irrigationextensive pesticide and fertilizer applicationintensive tillageconcentrated monoculture production, and other continual inputs. Substantial climate-disrupting carbon emissionsboosted by the transport of food over long distances, are of growing concern as the world faces such global crisis as natural resource depletion, peak oil and climate change.
Buying food from local farmers reduces carbon outputcaused by long-distance food transport, and stimulates the local economy. These vegetables and fruits are also grown and harvested within their suitable growing season. Thus, seasonal food farming does not require energy intensive greenhouse production, extensive irrigation, plastic packaging and long-distance transport from importing non-regional foods, and other environmental stressors.
Local produce also contains less to no chemical residues from applications required for long-distance shipping and handling. As well as promoting localization of food, farmers markets are a central gathering place for community interaction. A CSA consists of a community of growers and consumers who pledge to support a farming operation while equally sharing the risks and benefits of food production.
CSA's usually involve a system of weekly pick-ups of locally farmed vegetables and fruits, sometimes including dairy products, meat and special food items such as baked goods.
Local food production ensures food security if potential transportation disruptions and climatic, economical, and sociopolitical disasters were to occur. For more information on the environmental impact of meat production and consumption, see the ethics of eating meat.
Reducing meat consumption, perhaps to a few meals a week, or adopting a vegetarian or vegan diet, alleviates the demand for environmentally damaging industrial meat production. Buying and consuming organically raised, free range or grass fed meat is another alternative towards more sustainable meat consumption.
Organic farming is a rapidly emerging trend in the food industry and in the web of sustainability. According to the USDA National Organic Standards Board NOSBorganic agriculture is defined as "an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity.
It is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices that restore, maintain, or enhance ecological harmony. The primary goal of organic agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people.
In addition, organic farming prohibits or strictly limits the use of manufactured fertilizers and pesticides, plant growth regulators such as hormoneslivestock antibioticsfood additives and genetically modified organisms.
See organic certification for more information. Urban gardening[ edit ] "Edible landscaping": Qixia DistrictNanjingChina In addition to local, small-scale farms, there has been a recent emergence in urban agriculture expanding from community gardens to private home gardens.
With this trend, both farmers and ordinary people are becoming involved in food production. A network of urban farming systems helps to further ensure regional food security and encourages self-sufficiency and cooperative interdependence within communities.Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depends.
The desired result is a state of society where living conditions and resource use continue to meet human needs without undermining the. Careers Addressing a skills shortage to tackle global food security. The MSc Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture curriculum has been designed in collaboration with the agricultural industry to tackle the skills shortage that exists in this vital interdisciplinary area.
Apr 26, · View and download sustainable agriculture essays examples. Also discover topics, titles, outlines, thesis statements, and conclusions for your sustainable agriculture essay.
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Sustainable agriculture is quite a rare and popular topic for writing an essay, but it certainly is in our database. Sustainable living is fundamentally the application of sustainability to lifestyle choice and decisions. One conception of sustainable living expresses what it means in triple-bottom-line terms as meeting present ecological, societal, and economical needs without compromising these factors for future generations.
Sustainable agriculture is the successful management of agricultural resources to satisfy changing human needs, while maintaining or enhancing the environment quality and conserving natural resources. It is also called as ecofarming, organic farming and biofarming.
Characteristics of sustainable agriculture: Maintaining a diversity of plant .